知识丨初中英语知识点汇总大全,附英语挑分手段!

原标题:知识丨初中英语知识点汇总大全,附英语挑分手段!

导语

初中英语中许多知识都必要日积月累,今天,北京中考在线团队整顿了片面初中英语的知识点,分享给行家,供考生参考!

There be 的句子组织

There be是一个“存在”句型,外示“有”的有趣。

一定句的形态为:There be 名词(单数或复数) 地点状语或时间状语。

be动词单复数实在定,望be后边第一个名词,当所接主语为单数或不走数名词时,be动词形态为is;当所接主语为复数名词时,be动词为are;当be动词后接两个以上主语时,be动词与最临近主语保持数上的相反。有趣为“某地有某人或某物”。如:

There is an eraser and two pens on the desk. 桌子上有一块橡皮和两支钢笔。

There are two pens and an eraser on the desk. 桌上有两支钢笔和一块橡皮。

(1)there be的否定句,即在be的后面添上not。

否定形态为:There be not (any) 名词 地点状语。

There is not any cat in the room. 房间里没猫。

There aren't any books on the desk. 桌子上没书。

(2)there be句型的疑问句就是将be挑到句首:Be there (any) 名词 地点状语

一定回应:Yes, there is / are. 否定回应:No, there isn't / aren't.

-Is there a dog in the picture?画上有一只狗吗

-Yes, there is. 有。

-Are there any boats in the river?河里有船吗

-No, there aren't. 异国。

(3)稀奇疑问句:How many . . . are there ( 地点状语)

某地有多少人或物回应用There be . . .

There's one. / There are two / three / some . . .

张开全文

未必直接就用数字来回应。One. / Two . . .

-How many students are there in the classroom?教室里有多少门生

-There's only one. / There are nine. 只有一个。/有九个。

(4)倘若名词是不走数名词,用:How much 不走数名词 is there 地点状语

How much water is there in the cup? 杯中有多少水?

定语从句的考察

一、定语从句的功用和组织

在复相符句中,修饰某别名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。被定从句修饰的词叫做先走词。定语从句必须放在先走词之后。引导定语从句的有关词有有关代词和有关副词。例如:

This is the present that he gave me for my birthday

二、有关代词和有关副词的功用

有关代词和有关副词用来引导定于从句,在先走词和定语从句之间首纽带作用, 江西拟确定白鹤为“省鸟”:省人大常委会挑请审议使二者有关首来。有关代词和有关副词又在定语从句中充当一个成分。有关待客做主语,宾语,定语,有关副词可作状语。

1. 作主语:有关代词在定语从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词的人称和数须和先走词相反。例如: 

I don’t like people who talk much but do little.

The cars which are produced in Hubei Province sell very well.

2. 作宾语:She is the person that I met at the school gate yesterday.

The book that my grandmother gave me is called “The Great Escape”.

3.作定语:有关代词whose在定语从句中作定语用。例如:

What’s the name of the young man whose sister is a doctor?

The girl whose father is a teacher studies very hard.

4. 作状语:I’ll never forget the day when I first came to Beijing.

三、各个有关代词和有关副词的详细用法

1.who 指人,在定语从句中作主语。例如:

The person who broke the window must pay for it.

The boy who is wearing the black jacket is very clever.

2. whom指人,在定语从句中作宾语。例如:

Do you know the young man (whom) we met at the gate?

Mr Lee (whom) you want to see has come.

3. whose 指人,在定语从句中作定语。例如:

The girl whose mother is ill is staying at home today.

I know the boy whose father is a professor.

4. which指物,在定语从中作主语或宾语。例如:

A dictionary is a book which gives the meaning of words.

Here is the book (which) the teacher mentioned yesterday.

5. that多指物,未必也指人,在定语从句中作主语或宾语。例如:

I’ve read the newspaper that(which) carries the important news.

Who is the person that is reading the newspaper over there?

6. when 指时间,在定语从句中作状语。例如:

I’ll never forget the time when we worked on the farm.

He arrived in Beijing on the day when I left.

7. where 指地点,在定语从句中作状语。例如:

This is the house where we lived last year.

The factory where his father works is in the east of the city.

四、有关代词 whom, which 在定语从句中作介词宾语时,能够和介词一首放于先走词与定语从句之间,未必为了有关紧凑也能够将 whom 与 which 与先走词紧挨着书写,而将介词置于定语从句的后面,如:

That was the room in which we had lived for ten years. = That was the room

which we had lived in for ten years.

五、 详细行使时还要珍惜下列题目:

1. 只能行使that,不必which 的情况:

(1) 先走词是all, few, little, nothing, everything, anything 等不定代词时。例如:

All that he said is true.

(2) 先走词被only, no, any, all,等词修饰时。例如:

He is the only foreigner that has been to that place.

(3) 先走词是序数词或被序数词修饰的词。例如:

He was the second (person) that told me the secret.

(4) 先走词是形容词最高级或被形容词最高级修饰的词。

This is the best book (that) I have read this year.

(5) 先走词既包括人又包括物时。例如:

He talked about the people and the things he remembered.

2. 只能用which,不必that 的情况:

(1) 在非限定性定语从中。例如:

The meeting was put off, which was exactly what we wanted.

(2) 定语从句由介词 有关代词引导,先走词是物时。例如:

The thing about which he is talking is of great importance.

考查的主要形态是单项填空、完型填空、短文填空和完善句子。浏览理解和书面外达一定也要用到定语从句。

北京中考在线团队除了为行家整顿了初中英语的有关知识点,还为了协助更多的初中生升迁完型 浏览理解 写作的笔试收获,协助行家中考冲刺,为高考打基础,北京中考在线团队说相符华清园哺育推出Nancy先生的写作班和Scott先生的完型浏览班。

或点击【浏览原文】进走报名!

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